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[jp] 「さようならUR」あらすじ(英語版)

今日は、雲南映画祭カタログ用に書いた、「さようならUR」のあらすじ(英語版)を紹介したいと思います。この作品は、日本人向けに、裁判が始まる頃から上映を始め、公共住宅の必要性について訴えて行きたい、という特定の目的を持って作られた映画なので、海外で紹介するとなると、日本社会の中で、戦後の住宅事情はどのような変化をしてきたのか、日本特有の公共住宅事情などについて触れない限り、73号棟の問題を理解することは難しいです。

なので、英語版「あらすじ」は、映画のあらすじは半分以下で、ほとんどを背景の説明に割きました。 映画に英語字幕をつける作業をしていたときにも、字幕によって背景説明を補う部分が結構発生しました。

例えば、映画では「事業仕分け」のシーンがあるのですが、この事業仕分けが何なのか、海外の観客には分かりません。そこで、事業仕分けシーンの冒頭、ギャラリーと仕分け人たちを映すロングショットがあるのですが、そこに、自民党時代に作られたさまざまな独立行政法人が、天下りや腐敗の温床となっていた、それにメスを入れるため(←というふれこみで、でしたが)、政権交代によって登場した民主党政権は、事業仕分けを行った・・・というような解説を加えました。

それ以外にも大小さまざまな説明を英語版では加えたのですが、それらの作業を通じて、(日本人向けにはこれらのことは”前提”として敢えて言及していないけれど、入れたほうがよりはっきりするのでは?)と思ったところも、多々ありました。

英語字幕入れ作業で気がついたことは多く、それらは今やっている再編集作業にも反映したいと思います。 下記が英語版あらすじです。日本語のあらすじとはだいぶ違うので、興味のある方は読んでみてください。

Because of Japan’s aging society it is said that available housing will eventually be in excess supply. However, due to the lack of social welfare services for public housing, reasonable state-run accommodation is not sufficiently provided for low-income earners. The widening of the income gap between rich and low-income earners worsens this situation. Some state-run accommodation has 100 times more applicants than the maximum number of residence the house can hold – this is a higher rate of competition than the university entrance race!

In this situation, the affordable flats provided by the former Japan Housing Corporation, currently the independent administrative institution, UR (Urban Renaissance Agency) have been playing an important role in accommodating low-income earners. These people are excluded from social welfare and do not receive help with accommodation expenses. The company, established in 1950s, was set up in order to resolve the severe housing shortages for middle-class workers during the period of rapid economic growth. Nowadays more than 30% of the residents are low-income pensioners.

UR has become Japan's biggest housing corporation and owns over 760,000 flats nationwide. At the same time, the company has also been suffering from its 13 trillion yen debt. This debt was incurred due to its reckless management during the Bubble economy years and the corrupt relationship with government officials. The company is now facing to privatization. UR and the Japanese government announced a plan to demolish 50,000 UR owned flats within 10 years and sell the land to developers in order to reduce the debt. It means at least 50,000 people including families will be forced to relocate to more expensive flats or be evicted and receive a small compensation payment.

Shortly after the announcement of the demolition plan, the company decided to demolish their eleven-story flats in Hino city, Tokyo. According to UR, the 40-year-old building does not meet the new quake-resistance standards. The residents were surprised because the company had previously informed them they would carry out strengthening work on the building.

The residents have doubts about the company's decision, UR are now stating that renovation to meet the quake resistance standard is impossible. The residents requested the structural drawing of their flats under information disclosure law so they could examine them with experts. However, UR refused to release the information due to, “safety and security” reasons.

Seven families are still living in the dead quiet building after the eviction deadline set by UR had passed. In February 2011, UR filed a lawsuit against the residents for, “illegal” occupation. This is the Japan's first court case over a dispute of the legality of eviction caused by the lack of quake-resistance. Lawyers are concerned that the court’s decision will affect millions of other old apartments and their inhabitants.

The Japanese filmmaker, Yumiko Hayakawa, was interested in making a film about this subject and went to meet with the residents. Due to Yumiko’s filmmaking career with irregular income and reliance on family members for accommodation, she became aware of the importance of public housing. Through interviews with the residents, housing experts, lawyers, the UR president and the government, the film shows the difficult housing situation in Japan and clues as to how we can deal with it.

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